With the establishment of the Taliban as Afghanistan's new leaders, the other countries around the world are rapidly trying to adapt to this reality. Like Afghans in Afghanistan every people around the world shocked when they witness a sudden collapsed of Afghan government and the takeover of the country by the extremist group Taliban which many countries around the world recognized them as a terrorist group.
In my viewpoint the three major impact of the Taliban on international relations could be:
1- The relationship of the Taliban with neighboring countries, on 5th September 2021 the ISI chief Gen Faiz Hameed meets Taliban top leader Mullah Baradar in Kabul, this shows that the Taliban has friendliest and closest relationship with Pakistan since their emergence. But the central Asian countries including China and India are very concern about the security of the region and the spread of Talibanization to motivating the other Islamist radical group in the region and within those mentioned countries. The Talibanization could not only will impact on the regional countries but worldwide, as we are witnessing many terrorist and extremist groups are active in other region of the world like Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia and the existence of radical people who are living currently in Western countries could motivate them and expand the extremist ideology.
2- When Taliban ruled Afghanistan from 1996-2001 they imposed a strictest interpretation of Islamic law ever seen which resulted, many Afghans fled the country due to poverty, unemployment and insecurity. Sooner or later the same thing will happen again to Afghans, because if no any country recognize officially Taliban government they cannot continue to running the country in isolation, in this matter, Taliban are not economically capable to provide basic needs for Afghans or pay the government employee salaries, this will cause waves of Afghan refugees to leave Afghanistan.
3- Taliban has very close relations with many terrorist organizations, one of the biggest concerns, not only for the Afghan people but also for the world, is that Afghanistan will once again become a safe haven for extremist and terrorist groups. After the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, many terrorist leaders and senior members of them have returned to Afghanistan, one of them are former security chief of Osama bin Laden Amin al-Haq. Terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda and ISIS have global agenda in which they want to expand caliphate or Islamic state around the world, since Afghanistan is under control of another extremist /terrorist group (Taliban) this will provide opportunity for them to use Afghanistan soil for their activities and international plan. Therefore, any country could be their target and the consequence would be horrible than 9th September 2001.
After almost four weeks on 7th September 2021 the Taliban finally announced their government, which did not include any women, and removed the Ministry of Women’s Affairs from their cabinet. The Taliban established a mono-ethnic government and ignored other ethnic groups in their cabinet, which would likely lead Afghanistan to a new war. Below is the name of Prime Minister and the list of caretakers of Taliban cabinet.
1- Mullah Mohammad Hassan Akhund – Prime Minister
2- Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar – Deputy Prime Minister
3- Mullah Abdul Salam Hanafi – Deputy Prime Minister
4- Mawlawi Mohammad Yaqub Mujahid – Minister of Defense (He is son of Mullah Omer the founder and late leader of Taliban)
5- Mullah Sirajuddin Haqqani – Minister of Interior
6- Amir Khan Muttaqi – Minister of Foreign Affairs
7- Mullah Hidayatullah Badri – Minister of Finance
8- Sheikh Mawlawi Noorullah Munir – Minister of Education
9- Mullah Khairullah Khairkhwa – Minister of Information and Culture
10- Qari Din Mohammad Hanif – Minister of Economy
11- Mawlawi Noor Mohammad Saqib – Minister of Hajj and Religious Affairs
12- Mawlawi Abdul Hakim Shariee – Minister of Justice
13- Noorullah Nouri – Minister of Borders and Tribal Affairs
14- Younis Akhundzada – Minister of Rulral Rehabilitation and Development
15- Mullah Abdul Manan Omari – Minister of Public Work
16- Mullah Mohammad Esa Akhund – Minister of Mines and Petroleum
17- Mullah Abdul Latif Mansoor – Minister of Water and Energy
18- Mullah Hamidullah Akhundzada – Minister of Civil Aviation and Transport
19- Abdul Baqi Haqqani – Minister of Higher Education
20- Najibullah Haqqani – Minister of Telecommunication
21- Khalilurahman Haqqani – Minister of Refugees
22- Abdul Haq Wasiq – Director of Intelligence
23- Haji Mohammad Idris – Director of Da Afghanistan Bank
24- Mawlawai Ahmad Jan Ahmady – Director of the Administrative Office of the President
25- Sheikh Mohammad Khalid – Minister of Dawat-u-Ershad
26- Mullah Mohammad Fazil – Deputy Minister of Defense
27- Qari Fasihuddin – Army Chief
28- Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai – Deputy Ministry of Foreign Minister
29- Mawlawi Noor Jalal – Deputy Ministry of Interior Minister
30- Zabihullah Mujahid – Deputy Ministry of Information and Culture
31- Mullah Tajmir Javad – First Deputy Head of Intelligence
32- Mullah Rahmatullah Najeeb – Administrative deputy head of intelligence
33- Mullah Abdul Haq Akhund – Deputy Interior Minister for Counter Narcotics
Editor Assistant Research Fellow: Xianglin Gu